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Fastcase, a subscription database that provides access to case law, state and federal cases, statutes, court reports, rules, and regulations is available in the library and off-site to Paralegal students.

Introduction to Basic Legal Citation (2000-2001 ed.) by Peter W. Martin
(Cornell Law School)

How to Read a Legal Citation from the Howard W. Hunter Law Library, Brigham Young University.


Sample legal memorandum format

Sample legal memorandum format

National Paralegal College's Project Lawshelf: Briefs, Legal Memoranda and Legal Writing

"How to Brief a Case" from the Lloyd Sealy Library, John Jay College of Criminal Justice.

Point First's interactive exercise on writing legal memos 
Seligmann, Terry Jean “Why is a Legal Memorandum Like an Onion?-A Student's Guide to Reviewing and Editing.” Mercer Law Review 56. 2 (2005)

UCLA School of Law’s Professor Eugene Volokh’s “Eschew, Evade and/or Eradicate Legalese” lists “some common clunkers, and their simpler, more readable replacements. 

The replacements aren't always perfect synonyms, but 90% of the time they're better than the original. 

Warning:  Some of these changes also require some grammatical twiddling of other parts of the sentence.”

Purdue Owl resources cover academic,  professional, and technical writing.


Bankruptcy law terminology



Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania provides court opinions, docket sheets, court calendars, listings for local magisterial district judges; information on how the court system is organized;online court record;commonly used legal forms and more." 


Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania Public Records Policies

Protecting Confidential Information - Here's How Effective - January 6, 2018 


Bucks County

The Courts: Bucks County: Public Access Policy; Administrative Order No. 88 [47 Pa.B. 7834] [Saturday, December 30, 2017]

Chester County

Contact court administartion or filing office for more information

Montgomery County

The Courts: Montgomery County: Adoption of Local Rule of Criminal Procedure 113.1*- Confidential Information and Confidential Documents. Certification; No. AD-388-17

The Courts:  Montgomery County: Adoption of Local Rule of Judicial Administration 520*—Public Access Policy; No. 2017-00001 [47 Pa.B. 7448] [Saturday, December 9, 2017]

The Courts: Montgomery County: Adoption of Local Rule of Orphans' Court 1.99A— Confidential Information and Confidential Documents. Certification; Rescission of Local Rule of Orphans' Court 4.7A(g)—Electronic Filing of Legal Papers [47 Pa.B. 7448] [Saturday, December 9, 2017]

The Courts: Montgomery County: Rescission of Local Rule of Civil Procedure *205.2(a)—Required Redaction of Pleadings and Other Papers Filed with the Court; Adoption of Local Rule of Civil Procedure 205.6*—Confidential Information and Confidential Documents. Certification; Rescission of Local Rule of Civil Procedure 1920.51*(f)(5)—All Divorce Papers under Seal; No. 2017-00001 [47 Pa.B. 7449] [Saturday, December 9, 2017]
“National Center for State Courts: Pennsylvania courts provide official opinions available from the Court Prothonotaries. Court postings are being done in Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF). Information for the public includes how the court system is organized; access to a court record online; access to commonly used legal forms and more.”
Unofficial Purdon’s Pennsylvania Statutes from West. “This site provides free access to both the consolidated and unconsolidated Purdon’s Pennsylvania Statutes and Constitution, as compiled and maintained by the editorial staff of Thomson/West, and made available here in an unannotated version under agreement with the Pennsylvania Legislative Reference Bureau.”Updates the print Purdon’s Pennsylvania Statutes.
"Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes and Unconsolidated Pennsylvania Statutes: shareware resource guide that covers statutes, code and rules of Pennsylvania. It also lists various other useful web sites. Web site written and maintained by Thomas E. Martin Jr., Esq."

"The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is a codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government. The CFR online is a joint project authorized by the publisher, the National Archives and Records Administration's Office of the Federal Register, and the Government Printing Office (GPO) to provide the public with enhanced access to Government information."
The Administrative Office of the US Courts provides links to all available federal court web sites Third Judicial Circuit.
“Public.Resource.Org maintains an archive of federal court opinions, organized by reporter (Federal Reporter series and U.S. Reports) and then volume/page number.”
"This version of the US Code is generated from the most recent version made available by the US House of Representatives."
"Acting under the directive of the leadership of the 104th Congress to make Federal legislative information freely available to the Internet public, a Library of Congress team brought the THOMAS World Wide Web system online in January 1995, at the inception of the 104th Congress." Thomas provides both pending and recently enacted legislation.
U.S. Supreme Court site offers information about Justices, opinions, oral argument transcripts, cases, and dockets.
Washburn  University School of Law provides links to cases,  statutes, and other legal resources.  Be aware that as of June 1, 2019, the site will no llonger be updated.  Links to new cases, statutes, and resources will not be provided.


"The ABA has made this legal news magazine available for free online. Site contains the current issue and archived issues since 2004."
“The American Bar Association's Legal Technology Resource Center Journal Search Engine searches the free full-text of over 400 online law reviews and law journals, as well as document repositories hosting academic papers and related publications such as Congressional Research Service reports.”
“The Legal Center is your source for a wide range of legal information and forms such as wills, business incorporation, pre-marital agreements and much more. If you are the Do-It-Yourself’ type, our Basic Services section offers FREE online forms.”
" content you get access to the most comprehensive briefs, outlines, exam questions, audio lectures, video supplements and more. The case briefs are the only free briefs written by lawyers and professors."

American Law Sources On-Line (ALSO!) is created and maintained by Brian Vaughn, Esq. “American Law Sources On-line (ALSO!) provides a comprehensive, uniform, and useful compilation of links to all on-line sources of American law that are available without charge. This site contains additional links to sources of commentary and practice aids that are available without charge (or available at a reasonable charge from governmental and nonprofit providers).”
“This page was created by Pennsylvania attorney Robert Clofine and is devoted to providing information to the consumer on topics including estate planning, living trusts, wills, estate tax, powers of attorney, probate, nursing homes, Medicaid, elder law and related issues. The articles that follow attempt to explain complex legal and tax issues in terms that the average reader can easily understand, while at the same time remaining technically accurate. The reader, however, is cautioned that the statements made are general, and individual facts or circumstances may alter their application or involve other laws that are not mentioned. For legal advice, the reader must consult an attorney.”

"FindLaw: Comprehensive web site for researching legal information on the Internet. Contains:Legal Subject Index; Laws: Cases & Codes: US Supreme Court, Constitution, States, etc; US Federal Resources; US State Resources; Foreign & Int'l Law and Trade; News & Reference; Legal Practice Materials; Legal Organizations; Law Firms & Lawyers;Gov Info Center...etc."
News feed from FindLaw.
A comprehensive directory of free or low cost online legal resources for US Supreme Court, federal and state courts, and federal and state statutes and codes, and case law compiled by Todd Venie of the Georgetown University Law Library.
“The objective of is to make law, government and related professional information easily accessible to the legal profession, businesses and consumers.”
Cornell Legal Information Institute: Comprehensive legal resources guide.
"The Legal Information Institute offers Supreme Court opinions under the auspices of Project Hermes, the court's electronic-dissemination project. This archive contains nearly all opinions of the court issued since May of 1990."

The Guide to Law Online, prepared by the Law Library of Congress Public Services Division, is an annotated guide to sources of information on government and law available online. It includes selected links to useful and reliable sites for legal information. Arranged by: International and Multinational; Nations of the World; U.S. Federal - includes U.S. Code and Constitution links; and U.S. States and Territories.
“Based in the heart of Silicon Valley, Justia's mission is to advance the availability of legal resources for the benefit of society. We are especially focused on making primary legal materials and community resources free and easy to find on the Internet.” 
University of Pittsburgh Law School: Legal news and research.
LawRunner: A legal research tool of the Internet Legal Research Group. A categorized index of more than 4000 select web sites in 238 nations, islands, and territories, as well as thousands of locally stored web pages, legal forms, and downloadable files, this site was established in 1995 to serve as a comprehensive resource of the information available on the Internet concerning law and the legal profession, with an emphasis on the United States of America. Designed for everyone, lay persons and legal scholars alike, it is quality controlled to include only the most substantive legal resources online.

A resource for small law firms and libraries, which offers limited free content (e.g., directory of links to more than 20,000 law related Web sites) as well as fee-based resources and subscriptions. . Limited to the last ten years for many state case law databases. Requires registration. 
" is a unique, free Web journal dedicated to providing legal professionals with the most up-to-date information on a wide range of Internet legal research and technology-related issues. Covers Pennsylvania Court Rules- Pennsylvania- U.S. Bankruptcy Court Eastern District of Pennsylvania."
"NOLO. com’s Legal Encyclopedia and Dictionary: Plain-English articles on the legal topics that affect you most." 

National Paralegal College's short videos on a variety of topics.
NOLO's FAQ and basic information about legal research in plain language.
"OpenJurist's mission is to provide access to published United States legal opinions, Code and legal resources without charge."
“The Oyez Project at Chicago-Kent is a multimedia archive devoted to making the work of the Supreme Court of the United States accessible to everyone through text, images, audio, and video. It aims to be a complete and authoritative source for all audio recorded in the Court since the installation of a recording system in October 1955. The Project also provides authoritative information on all justices.”
Pennsylvania Legal Aid: Legal information and forms. 
"What is The Paralegal Society™ you ask? Think of it as a social conduit of information created for all paralegals. Whether you are new to the field or a savvy and experienced paralegal, you are welcome here. In fact, we created this blog just for you."
This site is an attempt to bring together, for easy access, the various Pennsylvania legal Web sites that are already available on the Internet under different subject headings. Comprehensive coverage. Created by Dittakavi Rao, Associate Director, Duquesne University Law Library, Pittsburgh, PA 15282.

Philly Lawyer: Covers cases and legal issues pertinent to Philadelphia legal community.
“Public Library of Law provides free access to primary sources in U.S. law, including federal and state cases, statutes, regulations, and constitutions. Legal forms are also available. The Public Library of Law was created by the makers of Fastcase (see section IV, Low-Cost Alternatives to Lexis and Westlaw), and also includes ads for fee-based content through the Fastcase service.”
"The Virtual Chase: Legal Research on the Internet is sponsored by the law firm, Ballard Spahr Andrews & Ingersoll, LLP."
This directory of humanities resources provides links for legal studies.
VoS is woven by Alan Liu of the U. California, Santa Barbara, English Department with a team of department graduate students and others.

Search Google Scholar now includes U.S. Supreme Court opinions since 1791 and U.S. federal district, appellate, tax and bankruptcy courts since 1923 in its database. The database also includes U.S. state appellate and supreme court cases since 1950. Cases are cited in Bluebook format, include internal page numbers, and are cross-linked within the database. The service also crawls other free case law providers and provides links to cases on these sites. In addition to case law, Google scholar provides links to secondary sources, such as law reviews and journals.
"Updates, Trends, and Thoughts Regarding Pennsylvania Civil Litigation Law by Northeastern Pennsylvania Insurance Defense Attorney Daniel E. Cummins. Daniel E. Cummins, Esquire publishes this site for general informational purposes only.
Free online courses in law and justice.

Georgetown University Law Library. This site is used in your Legal Research book.

Montgomery County Court Forms
Pennsylvania Legal Aid: Legal information and forms.
Access to about 6,000 free legal forms from the extensive Matthew Bender® collection material from LexisNexis - all continuously updated and logically organized.
“CLC Inc. provides free legal forms. These forms are for information purposes only. Laws and procedures change frequently and are subject to differing interpretations.”
FindLaw Court Forms provides links to selected forms and various court rules through links to the federal judicial branch and the states.
Searchable database of about 3000 free generic legal forms and 12,000 state specific "Premium Forms," for which there is a fee.

Formswift offers free legal forms for business, family, financial, human resourses, life planning, real estate, affidavit, letters of agreement, and non-profit bylaws.
Free Legal Forms .net offers over 2000 legal forms for free online.
Internet Legal Research Group: Legal Forms Archive
Large collection of free legal forms, many adapted for state-specific use.
“’Lectric Law Library. The Internet’s biggest collection of legal forms, broken up into two broad overlapping categories: Law Practice and Business.”
"This site allows you to prepare customized legal documents directly online. Choose any of the documents offered, complete the questions, click the "Submit" button, and the finished document is ready for you to either download to file or print to your printer. Many documents are free. All others are available from $3.50 to $27.75."
The information contained in this web site is provided as a service to the Internet community, and does not constitute legal advice. We try to provide quality information, but we make no claims, promises or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained in or linked to this web site and its associated sites and we make no claim that any of the free forms contained in this web site are appropriate for your particular needs. = Alpha+Search&keyword=free%2520legal%2520forms&mtype=e&ad=11075615345&docCategoryId=none&gclid=CJqcyYfM0q4CFYOo4AodjlwBBg
Rocket Lawyer offers free legal help and information on a wide variety of topics, including business formation, estate planning, family issues, and many more. It also provides popular legal documents and forms. These free documents are watermarked and should be used as guides, not a legal document.


IRS forms, instructions, and publications

Pennsylvania Department of Revenue  Forms and publications.


U.S. Government Printing Office's  The GPO Style Manual

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.


The Plain Language Action and Information Network (PLAIN) is a group of federal employees from different agencies and specialties who support the use of clear communication in government writing. These are the official guidelines for  Public Law 111-274-Plain Writing Act of Act of 2010.

This site provides  techniques, guidelines, and examples for writing  documents in clear, plain English.

William Strunk's The Elememts of Style 

“The Montgomery County Paralegal Association (“MCPA”) was founded on October 22, 1999 and is made up of a diverse group of 80-plus members. It is the mission of the MCPA to provide a network of communication and support to all of its members, to act as a forum for the interchange of ideas and to take an effective role in the development and growth of the paralegal profession by complying with the applicable legal authority governing the jurisdiction in which the paralegal is practicing.” This is organization provides networking opportunities with practicing professionals.
Bucks County Paralegal Association
Doylestown, PA 
P.O. Box 295 West Chester, PA 19381-0295
The Chester County Paralegal Association, based in Chester County, Pennsylvania, was formed in 1992 with the objectives and purposes of promoting and maintaining high standards and ethics in the paralegal profession, of providing a forum for the exchange of information about the profession, of enhancing the role of paralegals in the legal community, and of encouraging the continuing legal education of paralegals. NFPA Member 
"The Keystone Alliance of Paralegal Associations (Keystone Alliance) is a nonpartisan, non-profit organization, formalized in 1995 from groundwork laid in the 1980's by paralegal associations in Pennsylvania. Keystone Alliance consists of the following paralegal associations: 
The Keystone Alliance regulates the and authorizes the Pa.C.P credential. The Pennsylvania Certified Paralegal Program (the “Program”) is a voluntary certification program regulated by the Keystone Alliance. The Program requires paralegals to meet minimum educational and employment standards in order to qualify for and maintain the Pa.C.P. Credential. Paralegals certified by the Alliance receive the Alliance’s express authorization to use the credential “Pa.C.P.,” which is the designation and registered state trademark for “Pennsylvania Certified Paralegal.”
Philadelphia Association of Paralegals
Philadelphia, PA
"The LexisNexis® Paralegal Community site is designed specifically for paralegals, to provide you with the information and tools you need to succeed in your career."

'The National Association of Legal Assistants (NALA) is the leading paralegal association in the U.S. Its mission is to provide continuing education and professional development programs to all paralegals. NALA provides current information about the profession, continuing education programs (publications, courses and webinars), networking opportunities, professional certification programs, occupational survey reports, and publications to help paralegals excel in the workplace. NALA is a non-profit organization, 501(c)(6), representing more than 18,000 paralegals, who are individual members or members of NALA affiliated associations. "
"National Federation of Paralegal Associations web site specifically for paralegal professionals provides links to legal resources on the Internet. The National Association of Legal Assistants (NALA) is the leading paralegal association in the U.S. Its mission is to provide continuing education and professional development programs to all paralegals. NALA provides current information about the profession, continuing education programs (publications, courses and webinars), networking opportunities, professional certification programs, occupational survey reports, and publications to help paralegals excel in the workplace. NALA is a non-profit organization, 501(c)(6), representing more than 18,000 paralegals, who are individual members or members of NALA affiliated associations. 
Founded in 1974, NFPA was the first national paralegal association. Created as a non-profit federation, NFPA is an issues-driven, policy-oriented professional association directed by its membership. It is comprised of more than 50 member associations and represents over 9,000 individual members reflecting a broad range of experience, education and diversity."



NALA  regulates and sponsors certification examinations at testing centers. "The NALA Certifying Board provides oversight for the development and ongoing maintenance of the examination. The Certifying Board, NALA certification program staff, and trained subject matter experts, work in partnership with a qualified psychometric consultant to ensure the examination is developed and maintained in a manner consistent with generally accepted psychometric, educational testing practices, and national accreditation standards for certification programs.Links to testing centers and dates are noted on the NALA website. NALA offers the fee-based CP Practice Exam containing questions on the following topics:  Civil Litigation, Contracts, Corporate/Commercial Law, Criminal Law & Procedures, Estate Planning & Probate, Professional & Ethical Responsibility, Real Estate & Property, Torts, U.S. Legal System.  This question bank tests the Knowledge portion of the CP Exam." 

The NALA certification tests are administered 2 times per year (sping, fall) and are offered by Pearson-Vue online for a nominal fee. You are eligble  to take the exam if you are a graduate of a paralegal program that is an associate degree program. 

"National Federation of Paralegal Associations regulates  and sponsors the Paralegal CORE Competency Exam™  (PCC Exam)  establishes your education has prepared you for many types of paralegal work and helps you stand out from others whose schooling and experience are otherwise similar.  Those who have passed the PCCE may proudly display the CRP™ designation after their name.

The Paralegal CORE Competency Exam™ (PCCE™) was developed to assess the knowledge, skills and ability of early-career and entry-level paralegals. It became available in November of 2011. The handbook is available as a PDF download. The exam is administered by computer at Prometric Test Centers throughout the United States and Canada. For full details, please refer to the brochure. (PDF).  If you  have  an associate’s degree in paralegal studies, no experience or CLE, you are eligble to take the exam.

The PCCE Study Guide 1st Edition can be ordered from our online form for addresses in the United States.  Call NFPA headquarters for other destinations.

Apply online to take the PCCE by clicking the button below, or download the application as a PDF."

[LSB news & events]

Classes Begin

The Summer Term 2020 classes begin
June 22nd, 2020
Enroll today for your tomorrow!

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NRCMA Certification Test Dates

If you wish to take one of the certification tests, you must notify Donna Romano three weeks before the payment deadline.

Students should visit 

Read more for further details.

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LSB Massage Students Take Field Trip to Aura Photography Studio

Our massage students went on a field trip last week to an Aura Imaging Photography studio.


Read more for pictures and more details!

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April 19, 2017, 6:00 p.m.

Lansdale School of Business

400 Franklin Avenue, Franklin Commons

Phoenixville, PA  19460

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